Calangute is located in the Western Coast of India, alongside the Arabian Sea. It lies in the state of Goa, and specifically in the Northern part of Goa. Northern Goa has several sub-districts, and Calangute comes under the Bardez sub-district. It is a Census town with a population of approximately 16000 people, as per the 2001 Census. Also known as the 'Queen of Beaches' in Goa, the Calangute beach is said to be the longest beach of North Goa.
Calangute enjoys a coastal climate almost throughout the entire year. As it is located along the Arabian Sea, the weather is quite mild and pleasant. Calangute experiences a very consistent climate, excepting the months of April and May, during when summer is at its peak. Temperatures here can soar to as high as 35oC. Also, Calangute experiences high humidity during these months. However, being a coastal town, the gentle sea breeze has a very soothing effect on the climate. Monsoons arrive by early June. During monsoons, Calangute receives the maximum amount of rainfall. It gives a great respite from the previously hot months. Visiting Calangute in these months is not much preferred. Swimming in the beach is sometimes prohibited especially during days of heavy downpour. Monsoons generally last until late September. By late November, Calangute enjoys a short winter. Temperatures duing these months can drop to 20oC. Nights are cooler. Though the humidity is still present, days are more pleasant, making this period the most preferred time for tourist to make a visit to Calangute. Winter usually last till Mid-February.